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What is HTML5?

HTML5 is the latest version of HTML.

HTML 4.01 was the previous version of HTML. It came in year 1999. Since then the internet world has changed significantly.

HTML5 was basically designed to replace HTML 4, XHTML, and the HTML DOM Level 2.

It was designed in order to deliver rich content without downloading any additional plugins. IT can be used to deliver everything from animations to graphic designing, audios to videos.It can also be used to program complicated web development applications.

HTML5 is a cross-platform Language. It is a device independent.Means one can use it to work using a PC, a Tablet, a Smartphone, or a Smart TV.

How Did HTML5 Got invented?

HTML5 is a cooperation between the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) and the Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group (WHATWG).

WHATWG was working with web forms and applications, and W3C was working with XHTML 2.0. In 2006, they decided to cooperate and create a new version of HTML.

Some following guidelines for HTML5 were established:

  • New features needs to support HTML, CSS, JavaScript and DOM
  • The requirement for outside plugins (like Flash) ought to be diminished
  • It must simplify Error handling as compared to previous versions
  • Scripting has got to get replaced by additional markup.
  • It should be Gadget-independent
  • The development method should be publicly visible
HTML5 <!DOCTYPE>

In HTML5 there is only one simple DOCTYPE declaration:

<!DOCTYPE>
A Minimum HTML5 Document

Below is a simple HTML5 document, with the minimum of required tags:


<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<title>Document Title</title>
</head>
<body>
Document Content ......
</body>
</html>
HTML5 - New Features

Some of the most interesting new elements in HTML5 are:

  • The <canvas> for 2D drawing
  • The <video> and <audio> for media playback
  • Local storage compatible
  • New content-particular elements, like <article>, <footer>, <header>, <nav>, <section>
  • New form controls, like calendar, date, time, email, search
Browser Compatibility for HTML5

HTML 5 is compatible to all major browsers (eg:Chrome, Firefox, IE, Safari, Opera) and support the new HTML5 elements and APIs, and continue to add new HTML5 features to their latest versions.

AOL, Apple, Google, IBM, Microsoft, Mozilla, Nokia, Opera, and hundreds of other vendors are included in its working groups.



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